Garage Door Spring Tension Chart

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Garage Door Extension Spring Dasma Color Code Chart

How To Balance a Garage Door – Torsion Spring Adjustment – Easy/Clear Instructions

With extension springs, the color refers exclusively to the amount of door weight. Two extension springs are capable of lifting the amount of weight indicated by the color. There is a range of 10 colors, so the colors repeat for springs designed for lightweight doors or extra-heavy doors. The color chart works as follows:


Why Does This Matter

Its important to know the direction of each torsion spring because this is integral to the operation of the garage door. To make the door raise, each spring must turn in a certain direction. Likewise, the springs need to turn a certain way for the door to lower safely and steadily to the ground. If a wrong-turning torsion spring is applied on either side, the door just wont function properly.

When you contact an overhead door torsion spring manufacturer to request replacements, be sure to include info about the wind direction of the spring or set of springs you intend to replace. Note the side of the bar on which the spring appears, as well as the color along the end parts.

Garage Door Torsion Spring & Bar Replacement Cost

A garage door torsion spring replacement costs $140 to $270 for one spring and between $200 and $350 for two springs. Garage door torsion springs alone cost $30 to $70 each. Most garage doors have two torsion springs per door, which need replacing at the same time.

Garage Door Torsion Spring Replacement Cost

Number of Springs
Two Springs $200 $350

Torsion springs are fixed above the garage door opening on a single rod. Torsion springs coil around the rod to create tension when the door closes, and then untwists to release tension helping lift the overhead door. Torsion springs are common for hinged doors, and safer than extension springs.

Torsion springs are the most common, safer to use than extension springs, and last 7 to 14 years or between 10,000 to 20,000 cycles. The following list is the different types of torsion springs:

  • Oil-Tempered Most common, long lifespan, low maintenance, minimal noise while operating, and affordable. Look dark and oily.
  • Galvanized A modern-looking zinc coating protects metal from moisture and rust. Ideal for humid areas. Requires annual adjusting.
  • Powder-Coated Long lifespan and easy to handle. Non-oily, modern-looking, moisture, and rust-resistant. Coated in electrically bonded paint in various colors.

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How To Measure And Buy Garage Door Springs:

For virtually everyone who owns a garage door, springs are an essential part of your everyday life. Several times every day, you activate your garage door wither as you head to and from your workplace, shopping, or to school.

Therefore, the mechanical components which enable your garage door are, of course, utilized continually. Consequently, your garage door springs will inevitably wear out with time eventually.

With every activation, the garage door spring coils are pulled out and subsequently wound up. And although the springs are designed to endure this sort of activity, the effects of continual movement eventually take their tool. Ultimately, this makes it necessary that you change or adjust your springs.

How Tight Should Garage Door Springs Be

8 Garage Door Torsion Spring Chart You Might Consider

One of the things you need to keep in mind as a homeowner is that your garage door springs always need to have theRight Amount of Tension. The right tension will make the door easy to operate by hand and via an electronic garage door opener.

If the garage door spring is too loose, the spring will not be able to effectively lift the door up, and the weight will make the garage door unsafe for use. Now, if the tension is too much, it can prevent the garage door from closing all the way, or it will remain closed.

Also, if the garage door has a torsion spring inside of the garage door opening, then a professional will need to adjust the tension. That said, other regular sectional doors or ones with a hinge could be adjusted using the basic procedure we outline below.

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Commercial Garage Door Opener Spring Prices

Commercial garage door springs cost $100 to $500 per spring, depending on the length, inside diameter of the coil, and the wire size. Commercial-grade springs lift heavier, oversized overhead and vertical-lift doors, which require using a dual-spring opener to handle the extra weight.

Commercial Garage Door Spring Prices

55 to 100+ inches $200 $400

Upgrading to thicker springs that last up to 25,000 cycles costs an additional $20 to $30 per spring.

Dasma Color Codes Chart For Garage Door Extension Springs

The color-coding of an extension spring refers to the garage door weight that two extension springs are capable of lifting. So, for example, a green extension spring would be capable of lifting 20#, 120#, or 220#. Because there are only 10 unique colors, the colors repeat for lightweight or extra heavy garage doors.

Pro Tip: When ordering garage door extension springs, make sure to specify the weight/pull of the spring you need as well as the color. This will help to eliminate a misunderstanding of weight capacity since the color code is repeated. For example, say White, 110# Extension Spring)

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Garage Door Spring Size Chart: Torsion Springs

The chart is based on information from the Door & Access Systems Manufacturers Association . DASMA is a leading organization in our industry that created the guidelines and specifications for garage door springs. This system aids in proper identification for repair, ordering, and warehousing purposes ensuring that the right spring arrives to the customer.

Read more about torsion springs and download a copy of DASMAs technical garage spring color codes after reviewing the size chart below.


Determine The Wind Direction

How to Get the Right Size Garage Door Spring

Check out the garage door springs from inside your garage. Usually, most garage doors will feature two springs, which are separated by a divider situated at the doors midpoint mainly: the left and right springs.

The spring whose endpoints in a clockwise direction is a left-wound spring while that whose endpoint in anticlockwise direction is a right wound.

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Garage Door Spring Maintenance

The following steps help extend the life of your garage door springs:

  • Cleaning the garage door tracks with WD-40 or brake cleaner fluid removes wax-like buildup, grease, debris, and reduces the strain on the springs.
  • Lubricate the springs with a silicone-based lubricant to prevent rust and corrosion, but only after cleaning them first. Spray the metal coils with a yellow-topped can of WD-40 White Lithium Grease or garage door lube. Avoid using traditional WD-40 because it damages plastic parts and strips the oil from metal.
  • Lubricate the door hinges on the inside of the door where it bends as the door lifts. Greasing these points further reduces the strain on your springs as they pull the door up.
  • Check the spring balance by switching the door opener to manual mode , and opening the door by hand. If the garage doors don’t open and close easily, or stay open by itself, the spring needs balancing. Hire a professional to inspect as unbalanced springs might signal that its time for a replacement
  • Repair any leaks in the roof, walls, and garage door. Any water issues cause rust that weakens and breaks your springs.
  • Schedule an annual inspection for a professional to check your garage door springs and other parts.
  • What Type Of Garage Door Springs Do You Have

    Garage door springs, like anything else, eventually get worn out after a number of opening and closing cycles, and need to be replaced periodically.

    If you see signs of wear loose, sagging springs, gaps between coils, or even a complete break between sections of a spring its time to swap them out for a new set.

    Continuing to operate your garage door as usual if your springs are showing signs of wear, or if only one of them is broken, this puts a good amount of extra stress on your garage door opener, and will cause your motor to wear out quicker, resulting in a much more expensive repair.

    If you plan to replace or repair your garage door springs, the first step is figuring out what type of springs you have on your door. While there are a handful of garage door spring types, the vast majority of residential garage doors use either torsion springs or extension springs, so were going to focus on those.

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    Open Your Garage Door Fully

    You need to free the springs from any tension before you try and adjust their tension. If you have a manual door, keep on opening it until it cant go any farther and hits the stop bolt.

    However, if you have an automatic door, use its remote control to open it. Once the door is fully opened, pull its emergency cord below and back until the spring is jammed in the open position.

    This will disconnect any connection between the door and the opener and release any tension that the springs were previously bearing. Youll also be able to open the door afterward manually.

    How To Determine The Wire Size On Torsion Springs

    Garage Door Torsion Spring Color Code Chart

    When you measure a garage door spring, its not enough to simply take a tape measure and record the length from one end to the other. You also need to know the size of the wire itself. While this might seem difficult to comprehend, measuring the wire size is actually as easy as running a tape measure along the distance between 10 and 20 coils. The two measurements are then correlated to a wire size chart.

    A lot of people would assume that wire size would more accurately be determined with the use of calipers or micrometers, but this is not the case. For instance, if a coil has a kink, a micrometer will give you an inaccurate reading. Likewise, if the coils are coated with paint along the outside, it could cause a slight swelling in the circumference of the spring, which would also render a caliper measurement inaccurate.

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    Garage Door Repair Richmond Hill

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    How To Determine The Wind Direction Of A Garage Torsion Spring:

    Just before you set out to buy a garage door spring, you need to know the exact direction in which the spring is wound. This way, you will effectively decide on whether you should replace a right-wound spring or left-wound spring, or even both.

    Typically, in comparison to all the necessary details, you must compile before buying your garage door spring, this step is by far the easiest. Essentially, the order of your garage door springs from right to left will tell you all that you should know. If you check the inside of your garage door, you will probably see two distinct springs along the opposite sides of the bar, which hangs above the door.

    Usually, these two springs are separated by an exclusive stationary cone. While this might initially seem confusing, the doors left-wound spring is situated to the cones right while the subsequent right-wound one is located on the left side. This rule is only inapplicable if your garage door utilizes a reverse spring system.

    So, how do you tell if a garage door spring is a left or a right spring on your garage door: check where the end of the spring is pointing and identify the wind direction. If its endpoints in a clockwise direction, then it is a left-wound spring and vice versa.

    What Causes Garage Door Springs To Break

    How To Measure Garage Door Torsion Springs

    Rust, lack of lubrication and maintenance, installing cheap springs, regular wear and tear, and extreme winter temperatures causes garage door springs to break. The following list are reasons why garage door springs break and ways to extend their life.

    • Rust Any moisture that contacts the springs makes the coils rust and weaken. Protect the springs from rust by spraying them annually with a silicone-based lubricant or WD-40 White Lithium Grease.
    • Lack of Maintenance Check the balance of the springs annually by opening the garage door halfway. If the door stays in the middle, the springs are in good condition. If the door keeps moving up or down, or if one side moves up at a different speed, the springs need maintenance.
    • Cheap Springs The cheapest springs use lower-quality metal coils that tend to break faster. Investing in higher-quality springs reduces repairs and saves money in the long run.
    • Cold Climates In extreme winter temperature, the metal springs contract and have a higher chance of breaking. Insulating the garage and keeping the door closed helps shield the springs from the cold.
    • Wear & Tear The more you open and close your garage door, the faster the springs wear down. Investing in high-cycle springs provide 50,000 cycles, while regular springs only provide 10,000 cycles.

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    What Happens When A Garage Door Spring Breaks

    When a garage door spring breaks, you can tell by the following signs:

    • The door is harder to open or becomes crooked as it moves up and down.
    • The door wont stay up by itself.
    • The pulley and safety cables may become loose and hangs down.
    • The spring unwinds letting out a loud noise
    • The door is suddenly very heavy and may bend at the top if forced open.
    • The door may not open or makes jerky movements while operating the opener.
    • The garage door may slam down forcefully.
    • The spring has a gap of a few inches where it broke.
    • The manual emergency rope no longer works.
    • The door goes up but a safety lock prevents the door from going down.

    Is It Dangerous To Replace A Garage Door Spring

    Minor garage door spring repairs such as lubricating the coiled wire or rebalancing can be done yourself. A DIY garage door spring replacement is dangerous because these highly pressurized springs come loose with force and can cause serious injuries. Also, over-tightening a torsion spring can crush the hollow torsion tube and damage the garage door system.

    Hiring a professional with experience and certifications is easier, safer, and necessary to prevent accidents. Plus, they’ll inspect the rest of the garage door system to catch and prevent other potential problems.

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    Our Richmond Hill Garage Door Repair Team Addresses Problems Fast

    You can depend on our company for same day garage door repair in Richmond Hill, Ontario. That fact alone makes our team the number one choice for solutions to problems. We understand the value of speed when the garage door springs are broken or the cables off and so, lose no time. The moment our customers contact us with their troubles, we go above and beyond to dispatch techs quickly. Naturally, you can schedule the service you want whenever it works best for you. Our team always works around your schedule. But isn’t it vital to know that should the need for emergency garage door opener repair arise a pro will be there in a jiff?

    • Garage Door Cables Repair

    How To Measure The Overall Length And Inside

    Torquemaster Spring Door Model to Door Weight Chart. Please note that ...

    One vital component you need to know before going to shop for a garage door spring is the diameter of that spring that needs replacement. Usually, this is an easy process since most garage doors have this measurement engraved on them.When you look at the stationary or winding cone, you may spot a number such as 2.0 or 1.75. If you see the former, this means that the spring has a 2-inch diameter.

    Nonetheless, if you see no such figure, you will have to do the measurement yourself. With that spring positioned on a flat place, run a measuring tape or ruler along the springs inside diameter. That measurement is the springs diameter.

    The other important measurement of your garage spring is its overall length. Usually, the length of the spring is vital to its overall winding capacity. For instance, if your garage door is large, getting a small garage door spring will obviously not provide the necessary lowering and lifting power.

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